Breaking News

By Peter J. Nash

July 26, 2010

Babe Ruth’s Will is Missing from NY Court

As he lay on his deathbed on August 9, 1948, Babe Ruth penned a shaky, misspelled autograph on what would become his last will and testament. He wrote “Georgge Herman Ruth” along the signature line of the document and then crossed out the extra “g” in his rarely used first name, George. To baseball fans the world over he was known famously as the “Babe,” but for lawyers and witnesses preparing for his inevitable demise brought on by the ravages of cancer, his legal name was required on the document that would be filed in the NY Surrogates Court. It was an important document that would be utilized to divvy up his estate between family members and even the Baseball Hall of Fame. Babe Ruth may have signed a million autographs for fans during his lifetime, but this signature was, perhaps, his last.

Today, over a half century after his death, the Babe’s authentic signature commands tens of thousands of dollars at auction and is coveted by collectors young and old. A website called “” offers photocopies of Ruth’s 1948 will for $21.00. The site also states that, “The original is also available, for a slightly higher price:  $95,000.
So it’s no surprise that the signature on the Bambino’s last will and testament may have been nighthawked by someone with larcenous intentions. discovered earlier this month that the one and only original copy of Babe Ruth’s will is missing from the Surrogates Court of New York County, located at 31 Chambers St. in Manhattan. All that remains in the courthouse records is a photocopied version bound into a 1948 volume of wills entered into probate. Kim Sulik, Archivist and Records Manager of the Surrogates Court, confirmed that the original copy of Babe Ruth’s last will and testament was, in fact, missing from the court files. “I hope we can get it back,” stated Sulik. When notified of the theft of her grandfather’s will, Linda Ruth Tosetti exclaimed, “How low can you go, stealing the Babe’s will? What a disgrace.”

Strangely enough, the Babe’s 1948 will was the subject of a 2001 New York Times article written by reporter Richard Sandomir. Sandomir discovered that New York auction house Leland’s was auctioning off what was purported to be Babe Ruth’s last will and testament dated from 1938 and that a collector from Centereach, NY, named Mark Lewis, was claiming that he had Ruth’s true last will and testament dated as of August 9, 1948. Said Lewis in the Times article, “What they are doing is wrong, and it’s besmirching the will that I have.” Sandomir described the 1938 copy as a “superseded will,” but nowhere in the article was it questioned as to how any individual could actually own someone’s last will and testament, let alone the Bambino’s.

Babe Ruth's shaky and misppelled signature from his Aug. 9, 1948 last will and testament.

New York attorney Herbert E. Nass specializes in estate planning and probate law and is the author of Wills of the Rich and Famous and several articles about celebrity estates and wills. When asked if Babe Ruth’s actual last will and testament could legally reside in a baseball collector’s holdings, Nass responded with a resounding “No.” Said Nass, “By law there is only one original signed copy of a will that gets entered into probate. After it’s entered, the document is the property of the state.”

As for previous drafts of wills like the 1938 copy of Ruth’s will sold by Leland’s, Nass also confirmed that “it is possible for a litigant to have original documents returned to him or her by the court after litigation has concluded.” The 1938 copy sold by Leland’s was stamped by the Surrogates Court as an exhibit in a 1952 court proceeding in which Ruth’s daughter, Dorothy, contested the 1948 will. While it is possible that the 1938 Ruth will could also have been swiped from the probate file, it would be difficult to prove.

Leland’s purchased the 1938 will in 1999 at the sale of the Barry Halper collection at Sotheby’s. Halper claimed that he’d acquired the will from Ruth’s widow,
Claire, and the cover of the 1938 will has an ink inscription reading, “Mrs. Ruth’s.” Both Halper and Ruth’s widow are now deceased, so there’s no way to know for sure. Recent investigations conducted by have shown that Halper’s collection included many items stolen from institutions, however, it seems likely that the closest a collector could get to owning a Babe Ruth will is by acquiring the 1938 copy. So how did collector Mark Lewis come into possession of the “Sultan of Swat’s” famous 1948 will?

In his 2001 New York Times article Richard Sandomir reported that Lewis “bought the 1948 will (in 1999) for $30,000 from the grandson of one of Ruth’s lawyers.” But how could it possibly be owned by a baseball memorabilia collector? In 2001 authentication company Professional Sports Authenticator (PSA) published an article featuring the Mark Lewis collection of Babe Ruth artifacts and quoted Lewis as saying: “How can these items be for sale? That’s a good question. Sometimes I don’t understand it myself. This (will) was purchased from the grandson of Babe Ruth’s attorney. After the attorney passed away, the family was going through all of his possessions (and) lo and behold Babe Ruth’s last will and testament appeared.” The article published on the PSA website also revealed that Lewis claimed he had “verified the will by going to Chambers St. in New York City and compared it with the microfilm that was filed.” Said Lewis, “This is it. There are no others.”

This copy of Babe Ruth's will belonged to his daughter, Dorothy. It has no signatures and is marked "Compared with certified copy 9/9/48 J.O.C."

When contacted at his Mark Lewis Tax Grievance Company in Centereach, Long Island. Lewis confirmed that he still owns the 1948 Ruth will, and that he sold the majority of his Babe Ruth items in several auctions, including Sotheby’s in 2004. Lewis stated that the 1948 Ruth will was scheduled for auction in the 2004 Sotheby’s sale, but indicated that before the auction New York State officials had contacted him to recover the will. Kim Sulik, Archivist of the NY Surrogates Court confirmed that Ruth’s missing will was reported to officials in 2004, but was not aware of the status of any investigation or litigation.  Calls to the office of the New York Attorney General were not returned.

At the time Lewis planned to sell his 1948 will at Sotheby‘s, Leland’s again offered its 1938 Ruth will for sale in its own 2004 auction and referenced the 2001 New York Times article in their lot description. Leland’s wrote, “There is some controversy to this version of (Ruth’s) will as another, later will, exists that was actually used to deploy his estate. The owner of this other will values his at over $100,000.”

Oddly enough, a celebrity autograph dealer with a website known as “” is presently offering for sale photocopies of Ruth’s signed 1948 will for $21.00 plus $3.00 for shipping. On the website, operated by a man listed only as
“Steve,” the dealer also writes, “The original is also available, for a slightly higher price- $95,000.” Valuing his 1948 Ruth will in the six-figure range means that Lewis is unlikely to hand over the document without putting up a fight.

Lewis, a long-time Met fan, fought successfully against his favorite team to keep another controversial baseball item he owns. In June of 2000, Lewis consigned a 12-by-17-foot New York Mets 1986 World Championship banner to Grey Flannel Auctions, only to have the New York Mets claim that the banner was stolen in 1987. The Mets called the police and the banner was confiscated by the police and subsequently returned to the Mets, all without contacting Lewis, who was out of the country at the time. Lewis sued in Queens civil court, and won, regaining possession of the 1986 banner he said he’d purchased from a member of the Mets grounds crew. The banner now hangs in Lewis’ Centereach office.

When it comes to the Bambino’s will, Lewis is unlikely to have the same success he had with the 1986 Mets banner. The New York office of the Federal Bureau of Investigation confirmed that agents are investigating the situation and have already contacted at least one member of the Ruth family and the players involved in the controversy. The FBI is presently in the midst of a year-old investigation involving similar thefts of historic baseball materials from the collections of the New York Public Library.

The FBI was also involved in a major 1998 investigation into the thefts of the last wills and testaments of Baseball Hall of Famers by a Boston court probation officer named Joe Schnabel. In May of 1999, USAToday reported that Schnabel “pleaded guilty to stealing two wills signed by Baseball Hall of Famers and selling them for more than $15,000.” Schnabel pilfered documents from the Boston courthouse but apparently travelled to other courthouses around the country as well. A source familiar with the Schnabel investigation recalls an interview he had with a Boston Police detective who indicated that Schnabel “admitted to (stealing) seventeen wills.” Notes from that interview indicate that the wills of Jackie Robinson and Babe Ruth were included on the list of Schnabel’s seventeen stolen wills. Another document Schnabel stole, signed by Hall of Famer George Wright, appeared for sale on baseball autograph dealer Kevin Keating’s website just last month. 

 Numerous wills that Schnabel admitted to swiping have  never been returned and are still missing from the files of courthouses all over the country.  Back in 1999, Schnabel pleaded to only two counts of larceny and was sentenced to one year of probation with a fine of $5,000.  The FBI is currently investigating whether the Ruth will and others were tied to the Schnabel case in Boston and where all of the missing wills have vanished to.  Just last week, three Connecticut probate courts confirmed that the wills of Hall of Famers Jackie Robinson, James “Orator” O’Rourke and nineteenth century slugger Roger Connor were missing from court files.   

Rich Iannella, the Suffolk County register of probate, pictured with the recovered will and legal documents of George Wright in 1999 (Top). News clipping from USATODAY's Baseball Weekly on Feb. 10, 1999 regarding the stolen Hall of Famer wills (Bottom).

Detective Steven Blair of the Boston Police Department recently confirmed that the will of Babe Ruth was on a 1999 list of seventeen documents that Schnabel admitted to taking.  The will of Jackie Robinson is believed to have been on the same list.  When interviewed by, Mark Lewis stated, “Thirteen years ago I bought Jackie Robinson’s will at the National Sports Collectors convention for $500.” The Robinson will has been missing from a Stamford, CT, courthouse for at least fourteen years. When asked, Lewis couldn’t recall the name of the person that he purchased the stolen Robinson will from. Lewis does, however, claim to remember who he purchased the 1948 Ruth will from for $30,000. “I bought it from Babe Ruth’s lawyer’s grandson, who was named Lowenstein.”

The attorney who drafted the Babe’s 1948 will was named Melvin G. Lowenstein, who along with co-executor Paul Carey II was in charge of the Ruth estate and its distribution to family members and charities included in the Yankee slugger‘s final wishes.
When contacted at his home in Nantucket earlier this month, Lowenstein’s son, Peter, also an attorney, stated that no one in his family ever had in their possession, or ever sold, Babe Ruth’s 1948 last will and testament. Lowenstein said, “My father died in 1971 and he would have never had an original copy of Ruth’s will in his file. The only item of note that was retained by the firm was the meeting minutes book for the Babe Ruth Foundation, which has Babe Ruth’s signature. No one ever had Babe Ruth’s will, and no one in my family ever sold a will.” 

In the midst of conflicting stories related to the provenance of the 1948 will and the pending investigation by the FBI, the fate of Babe Ruth’s last will and testament is up in the air. The Babe’s granddaughter, Linda Ruth Tosetti, is dumbfounded by what has transpired. Said Tosetti, “There has to be a way to stop this terrible pirating. This collecting has gotten out of hand. What price will someone pay for a piece of paper just to say they own it? Enough to get arrested for having a stolen item? I just hope the authorities can get Babe’s will back where it belongs.”

Where there’s a will, there’s a way.

Additional coverage on the Missing Babe Ruth Will appears in the July 26th edition of the New York Post and July 27th Boston Herald:

Cops, FBI work to Wright a baseball wrong

New York Post article published July 26th, regarding the controversy over Babe Ruth's will.

By Peter J. Nash

July 9, 2010

A cabinet card of Jake Beckley is missing from the HOF

A recently discovered contact sheet from a 1983 photo shoot conducted by the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) shows a rare c. 1890s cabinet card of Hall of Famer Jake “Eagle Eye” Beckley as part of the National Baseball Library’s photograph collection. The card was reproduced for the 1983 SABR publication, The National Pastime: A Review of Baseball History, edited by John Thorn and Mark Rucker, and is credited to the Hall of Fame’s National Baseball Library.

A recent examination of the contact sheet featuring the Beckley card has determined that this exact same cabinet photo was also offered for sale in a 1999 sports collectibles auction in Oregon.  So how did this Hall of Fame treasure make its way out of the Cooperstown shrine and end up on the auction block 3,000 miles away?  The answer may lie in another recent auction offering closer to Cooperstown, in New Jersey.

In May, New Jersey auction house Robert Edward Auctions offered another rare card confirmed stolen from the Hall of Fame collection. That card was an 1890’s Joseph Hall cabinet card of Hall of Fame pitcher Smilin’ Mickey Welch, which had also been documented as part of the Hall’s collection in photographic negatives of the card produced in the 1960’s. The Welch card was pulled from the auction. Although the Welch card did not appear in the 1983 SABR publication, several other Joseph Hall cabinets from the Hall of Fame collection did. The stolen Jake Beckley card appears on the same contact sheet as other 1891 Joseph Hall cabinets including the image of New York Giant slugger Roger Connor.  Back in May, Hall of Fame employees could not locate several other Joseph Hall cabinets which were documented as part of  the Hall of Fame collection on the 1983 SABR contact sheets.

Further investigation into the thefts by has revealed that both the Beckley and Welch cabinet cards were offered in the same 1999 baseball auction conducted by MastroWest,  a former division of Mastro Fine Sports Auctions of Chicago. The Beckley card appeared as lot number 700 and the Welch card appeared as lot number 699 . When requested to see the Beckley card  in May, 2010, Hall of Fame library staffers were unable to locate it.  It appears that, for over a decade, the pilfered Beckley card has been making the rounds on the baseball auction circuit.

When contacted by, Brad Horn, the Hall of Fame’s director of communications declined to comment or issue a statement.  When contacted in May in regards to the Mickey Welch card, Horn, on behalf of the Hall of Fame, stated, “We will not comment further on any research requests regarding the contents of  our collections or the history of specific collections.”  It was also in May that made specific research requests of the Hall of Fame related to the thefts from its collections.  Today, over three months later, those research requests have still not been fulfilled.  It is also unclear whether the stolen Mickey Welch cabinet card has been returned to the Hall of Fame.  It appears that Hall of Fame leadership may have issued a gag order to employees in relation to the thefts.

The Baseball Hall of Fame’s A. Bartlett Giamatti Research Center houses a collection of 3 million documents and over 500,000 photographs.  Since 1988, rumors of substantial thefts from the Hall’s collection have circulated throughout the collecting community, but sources with knowledge of the thefts and related  investigations have declined to speak publicly about what they know.  The Hall of Fame’s continued resistance to comment or issue any statement about the thefts is troubling to many donors and patrons of the museum who are also reluctant to make public statements about the thefts.

News of the Hall of Fame thefts has received little attention outside of the reporting by  Many SABR members and others in the baseball research community are simply unaware that such a situation even exists.  When contacted for comment, SABR member and former Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent reinforced the lack of public awareness for the problem stating,  “I am reluctant to speak because this is the first I have heard of these thefts.”   SABR vice president Bill Nowlin also declined to comment when he was contacted for his reaction to the news that the SABR contact sheets played a part in documenting the Hall of Fame thefts.

This contact sheet from a 1983 SABR photo shoot proves that the Jake Beckley cabinet card is the property of the National Baseball Library.

The revelation of the theft of the rare Beckley card is the latest in a series of grim discoveries related to the Hall of Fame’s astounding collection of baseball artifacts. Over the past three months major sports auction houses have offered numerous items that have been suspected as being wrongfully removed from the Hall’s collections.

The following items were recently withdrawn from major auctions under suspicion of having been stolen from the National Baseball Library:

Robert Edward Auctions May, 2010:

Lot 100- 1891 Joseph Hall Cabinet Card of Smilin’ Mickey Welch

Lot 1212:   1908 Chicago Cub Protested Game Affidavits.

-Affidavit signed by John Evers

-Affidavits signed by Chas. Fraser, Jimmy Slagle and James Gilruth.

Lot 1157:  19th Century Boston Base Ball Association Stock Certificates. (43 documents)

Heritage Auctions May, 2010:

Lot 81842:   1908 Fred Clarke Protested Game Letter

Lot 81853:  1924 Joe Tinker Letter to August Herrmann

Heritage Auctions July, 2010:

Lot 41095:   1913 Charles Comiskey Letter to August Herrmann

The Hall of Fame’s August Herrmann papers archive features over 45,000 documents including all of the incoming correspondence to Cincinnati Red owner August Herrmann spanning from 1902 to 1927.  It includes letters regarding Reds business as well as correspondence related to Herrmann’s chairmanship of Baseball’s ruling body, the National Commission, in the years before there was a baseball commissioner.  The files also include the correspondence, statements and supporting affidavits regarding protested games in the National League during these same time periods.

Sources indicate that the recently withdrawn auction lots were returned to their consignors with instructions to contact a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.  One of those consignors, prominent collector John Rogers of North Little Rock, AK, stated that he has called the FBI, but to date has not been contacted regarding his suspected stolen lot.  Rogers purchased his lot of 19th century Boston Base Ball Club Stock certificates in a 2006 MastroNet auction.  The stock certificates are suspected to have originated from the Hall of Fame’s Frederick E. Long Papers Collection, which includes business records of the Boston Baseball Club spanning from the 1870s to 1890s.

Like many collectors, Rogers finds himself holding the bag on a lot he never had reason to believe was illegitimate.  Based upon his purchase from MastroNet, Rogers is likely to join a long list of victims caught up in the collateral damage of the alleged Hall of Fame thefts.  Said Rogers, “If these were stolen from the Hall of Fame, they belong back in Cooperstown.  And considering I paid over $50,000 for this lot, I’m  hoping I will be able to recover what I invested as well.”

Both stolen photos of Mickey Welch and Jake Beckley were sold in a 1999 auction by MastroWest. The same Welch card appeared for sale at Robert Edward Auctions before it was withdrawn.